The visit of an Indian prime minister to the United States on the invitation of the US President is a sig- nificant event for the people of India. It raises hopes
that with help from the US things will change for the better for the billion-plus Indians.
India has been a burgeoning democracy since it became
a free and sovereign nation in 1947. In 1991, India began
a tryst with the Western-style system of free enterprise
and global economy. Gradually, the country’s economy
With many multinational companies setting up shop in
India, the middle class, which was rather limited earlier,
expanded. That brought hope to the lower economic classes that soon the new system may filter down to them too.
Also, the nation felt that with the lessening of economic
hardships, sectarian tensions and violence that had grown
on the fault lines of religion and ethnicities may lessen.
Despite visible economic growth in the first two decades
of the transition, in the last few years the economy took a
downturn with high corruption and significant increases in
prices of daily use commodities. At the same time, some
aberrations in the country’s polity increased significantly.
For instance, infusion into the political system of criminals, and politicians who polarize the population along the
fault lines of religion and caste.
In this turbulent atmosphere in the recent election,
Narendra Modi, the leader of the Hindu nationalist
Bharatiya Janata Party, tapped the economic frustrations
of the common Indian with a polarizing campaign that
castigated the nation’s secular structure and secular political parties as being responsible for the economic and
They also made alliances with several big industrialists
who financed their massive and expensive election
restore an equitable polity in India?
Prime Minister Modi has talked about bringing everyone together, but he has declined to walk the talk and take any action to prevent his followers from spreading sectarian tension, says Kaleem Kawaja
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi offers a sweet to Amit Shah, the newly appointed president of India's ruling BJP, as outgoing BJP president Rajnath Singh, right, watches on, in New Delhi, July 9. At least one documentary film alleges that Shah’s drive to win the maximum number of seats for the BJP from the politically key state of Uttar Pradesh — something which he was very successful at — was responsible for the intense communal polarization in the state leading up to the elections.