The most highly educated of immigrant women are those from India, a study by the Immigration Policy Center has found. The study titled, ‘Immigrant Women in the United States: A Portrait of Demographic Diversity,’ noted that there are more than 20 million immigrant women and girls in the United States today, and they are a formidable presence in US society and the US economy. More than a quarter of immigrant women have a bache- lor’s degree or more education, with women from India being the most highly educated, followed by those from the Philippines and China. Just over one-quarter (27.5 percent) of immigrant women had a bachelor’s degree or more education in 2012, com- pared to 29.4 percent of native-born women and 28.4 percent of foreign-born men. The educational attainment of foreign-born women in 2012 varied widely according to country of origin. Among the top 10 origin countries for female immigrants, the highest percentage of female immigrants with a bach- elor’s degree or more education came from India (71.6 percent), followed by the Philippines (52 percent), and China (47.1 percent). At the other end of the spectrum were Guatemala (7.9 percent), El Salvador (7.7 percent), and Mexico (26.7 percent) Female immigrants had a higher percentage of bachelor’s degrees or higher compared to their male counterparts in six out of 10 of the top origin countries for female immi- grants. Immigrant women come from every corner of the globe and slightly outnumber immigrant men, the study said. They are more likely than men to come to the United States through the family-based immigration system, and nearly half are naturalized US citizens. Foreign-born women account for 15 percent of all em- ployed women over the age of 16 in the United States. In fact, women from the Philippines, El Salvador, Vietnam, the Dominican Republic, and Guatemala have higher rates of participation in the labor force than native-born women. Immigrant women work in every occupation, with one-third being in management and professional oc- cupations, while nearly a third work in service occupa- tions and under a quarter in sales and office occupations. Despite their hard work and educational achievements, immigrant women earn less than foreign-born men, and less than native-born men or women. Given their num- bers and diversity, however, the scale of their economic contributions cannot be denied. Mexico is the single largest country of origin for female immigrants Mexico accounted for more than one-quarter (26 percent) of all foreign-born females in 2012, followed by China at 6.1 percent, the Philippines at 5.3 percent, and India at 4.5 percent. In a sign of their diverse range of national origins, more than two-fifths (or 42.9 percent) of foreign-born females came from countries other than the top 10. Immigrant females slightly outnumber immigrant males There were 20.9 million female immigrants in the United States in 2012, accounting for just over half (51.3 percent) of the total foreign-born population. Similarly, females accounted for roughly half (50.7 percent) of the native- born population. Immigrants accounted for slightly more than 13 percent of the female population. Males outnumbered females among immigrants from Mexico, India, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Among immigrants from China, the Philippines, Viet- nam, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Canada, fe- males outnumbered males. The Pew Hispanic Center estimates that 4.1 million unau- thorized-immigrant women comprised approximately 39 percent of the adult unauthorized population in the United States in 2008. This is in line with a 2009 survey of immigrant women by New America Media, which found that 35 percent of respondents identified them- selves as undocumented. Immigrant females are more likely than males to come to the United States through the family- based immigration system: Data from the Depart- ment of Homeland Security indicate that female immigrants are more likely than male immigrants to come to the United States through the family-based class of admissions, rather than through employment. In fiscal year 2012, 106,458 females obtained legal per- manent resident status under family-based ‘preference’ categories, compared to 95,554 males. Likewise, 287,926 females obtained LPR status because they were an imme- diate relative of a US citizen, compared to only 190,839 men. In contrast, 73,312 men obtained LPR status under em- ployment-based categories, compared to 70,684 women. Immigrant females from Vietnam and the Philip- pines have particularly high naturalization rates: Nearly half (48.4 percent) of female immigrants were naturalized US citizens in 2012, compared to 43 percent of male immigrants. Three-fourths (74.9 percent) of female Vietnamese immi- grants were naturalized US citizens in 2012, as were two- thirds (66.2 percent) of female immigrants from the Philippines. Among female immigrants from Cuba, the naturalization rate was 60.5 percent; among those from China it was 58.8 percent; and for Dominicans it was 52.7 percent. According to interviews conducted by New America Media, 84 percent of the immigrant women interviewed expressed interest in becoming a citizen of the United States. The main reasons given for wanting to become an Amer- ican citizen were ‘to make sure I’m never separated from my children’ (24 percent), to be able to vote (21 percent), and to be able to live in the United States for the rest of their lives (16 percent). Immigrant women were more likely to be naturalized US citizens than immigrant men for nine out of the top 10 countries of origin. H1B1..com IMMIGRATION Law Offices of Ajay K. Arora, Esq. 1270 Broadway, Suite 510 New York, N Y 10001 FREE PHONE CONSULTATION Tel: 212.268.3580 Fax: 212.268.3582 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org SPECIALIZING IN: Immigration, Real Estate & Business Closing, Matrimonial, Incorporations, Wills & Estate Planning, etc. Over 35+ years experience INDRA PAL ATTORNEY AT LAW 50 Court Street, Suite 710, Brooklyn, NY 11201 (718) 875-4653 (718) 875-3334 (718) 875-2007 Fluent in Hindi, Punjabi & Urdu • Reasonable FEE For Display Ads in INDIA ABROAD Call Toll Free: 866.702.1950
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